The Right Questions to Ask About Stocks: What Are the Earnings?

At MomVesting we’re launching a series of articles about the right questions to ask about various types of investments. Whether the investment is proposed by yourself, your investment advisor, your spouse or anyone else, these simple questions will help you sort through the pros and cons. This week we’re taking a look at stocks and their earnings, using Starbucks as an example.

What Exactly Are Earnings?

So we all have a rough idea of what earnings are, but what exactly do they mean in the corporate world? Ultimately, earnings are how much money a company made after all its expenses were deducted. The way we arrive at the number is pretty complex, but it at least gives us an answer to a simple question: Is the company making money?

You would think that this would be an obvious question -- why would someone run a company that isn’t making money? The reasons could range from a company in “start-up” phase to a company suffering a downturn, or even heading for bankruptcy. There can even be valid reasons for investing in a company that’s losing money (usually the belief that it will be making a lot of money in the future). But, as you would guess, as a general rule companies that are making money are better than companies that aren’t.

How Do I Find Out A Company’s Earnings?

The most easily available number regarding a company’s earnings is its Earnings per Share, or EPS. EPS is simply the company’s earnings divided by the total number of shares.

To find a company’s EPS, you can go to any number of finance websites and look up its ticker symbol. For example, Starbuck’s symbol is SBUX and here’s a link to it on Google finance:

http://www.google.com/finance?q=sbux

You’ll find the EPS among the numbers just to the right of the price. At the time of this writing, the EPS was $1.07, which means that Starbucks makes $1.07 per share. In our next installment we’ll look at more analysis of this number, but for right now you can at least ask one of the right questions about any stock you’re thinking about buying: Does it make money? If that EPS is less than zero, it doesn’t, and you should think long and hard about your reasons for buying a stock that isn’t making money.

In our next edition of The Right Questions to Ask About Stocks we'll look at how price relates to these earnings and what that tells us about the value of the stock.

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This post is part of the Festival of Stocks. Be sure to go there and check out all the great posts.

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Festival of Stocks: October 25, 2010 : The Purchase Price wrote:

Mon, 10/25/2010 - 15:05 Comment #: 1

[...] presents The Right Questions to Ask About Stocks: What Are the Earnings? | MomVesting posted at MomVesting. “A quick look at one of the most basic questions we need to ask about a [...]

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Everything You Need to Know about Stocks | MomVesting wrote:

Thu, 01/19/2012 - 21:47 Comment #: 2

[...] What are stock earnings and how do you figure them out? [...]

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